JUSTICE CONCEPTS IN DIFFERENT FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
Throughout history people have had a different concepts of justice and for this reason governments have quite often been unjust.
In feudalism justice was acknowledged as a privilege similar to that of the House of Lords and the people consisting of peasants and the unemployed were greatly exploited. The feudal lords, with arrogance and egoism, by rule of force, deprived the underlying class of all their rights, made them work as slaves, stole their labor, and considered it their right to confiscate their belongings and even their women.
The clergy sided with the lords and established authority by benefiting from their privileges. These people, claiming to be the servants of God, were spectators and supporters of this injustice, for the sake of their benefits.
God commands justice, the doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin, He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs you that ye may receive admonition. Verse 90, The Bee (Nahl) Sura 16
Is it not like this in primitive societies? In an African or Indian (American) tribes the witch doctor of the tribe is always next to the chief and after the chief he is the most privileged person.
In monarchies and oligarchies the situation is not different. There is always a privileged class which is superior to the other class or classes.
Such political systems as communism and fascism actually are not any different from one another.
In fascism there is a dictator. Who exploits the people. In communism the members of the party play the role of the dictator. They are the exploiters.
In dictatorial governments such as the Roman Empire justice consists of the words that emerge from the mouth of the Emperor. Although justice apparently was served by the Senateís decision, actually, it was a decision taken by an influential person or persons in the Senate or shortly by the caterers of the Emperor. Although Roman Law is taught in law schools, in fact the legal system applied in Rome was no more than the entirety of the laws comprising the Emperorís justice.In other words it was the unjust systems in which the powerful was right.
In monarchies and Sultanates the same injustice prevailed, and people were killed unjustly and for the sake of the thrown.
In monarchial republics the monarchís privileges were taken and given to the senate, but this application which Cromwell started in England was not able to prevent the preservation of the rights of the bourgeois and their benefiting form privileges.
How about democracy?
Democracy is the best form of government. Because government is elected by the people.
They elect, but when they are sorry for having done so, it is too late. Because the party they choose does not relinquish its privileges. They have immunities. If a deputy kills someone in the middle of the street he is not arrested. You canít even give them a traffic ticket.
How about justice? Equality?
Prophet Muhammed (May God commend and salute him) was assigned by God to eternal prophethood, received the greatest honor and privilege. Additionally, as a person and a subject and in his own words,Ē as a leader sent for the completion of moral virtues,Ē who dedicated his whole life to living virtually; he is the most select person. Therefore, he is an excellent sample. In other words his privilege does not originate from the fact that he is above the law, but that he diligently complied with the law himself.
One of his highest and exemplary virtues is that he did not see himself above the law.
Behavior models of the Prophetís life- Publications of the Foundation of Religion (271)
No one is above the law. Laws established by people are again violated by people for their own personal ends.
Whereas, Godís justice envisages to treat people equally. Regardless of a personís wealth, position, title, everyone is equal in the presence of God.
Mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and female. And made you into nations and tribes that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other) Verily the most honored of you in the sight of God is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge and is well acquainted ( with all things)/
Verse 13,The Inner Apartments (Hujurat), Sura 49
MAY GOD BE YOUR BELOVED AND YOUR COMPANION
SHOWING THE WAY
(AKIN ÷RSMEN 5.17..2005)
* The Coranic verses have been taken from the Holy Quíran, A. Yusuf Ali, 1975 publication, Pitman Press, Great Britain