After God Almighty created Adam he commanded that the angels prostate to Adam.
And all angels abided by this command. Satan disobeyed this command and did not prostate to Adam. There were three reasons for Satan to not disobey God’s order:
Firstly, Satan with pride, claimed he was superior to Adam and did not obey this command. Secondly, thinking God Almighty valued Adam more than himself was jealous and did not obey the command. Thirdly, to prostate to any being save God was irrational to him and so was prostating to Adam. Whereas even if God Almighty’s commands might appear irrational they contain a deep and underlying essence.
Remember when your Lord said to the angels: “I have a place a trustee on the earth," they said: “Will You place one there who would create disorder and shed blood, while we intone Your litanies and sanctify Your name?” And God said:
“I know what you do not know.” VERSE 30, THE HEIFER (BAQARA) SURA 2
Well, then why did God command that his angels prostate to Adam?
When your Lord said to the angels: “I am going to create a man from clay;
and when I have made him and have breathed into him of My spirit, fall down in homage before him.” Then the angels bowed before him in a body. Except Satan. He was filled with pride and turned an unbeliever. Said (God): O Satan, what hindered you from adoring what I created by my own authority? Are you too proud, or too high and mighty?" He said: “I am better than he. You created me from fire, and him from clay.” (God) said: “Then go hence, ostracized.” “Upon you will be my damnation till the Day of Doom.” VERSES 71-78, SAD, SURA 38
Actually, God's command to the angles is not to prostrate to the flesh of Adam.
God commanded that they prostrate when he blew into Adam the spirit. That is, what is wanted from the angels is to prostrate to God, His eternal knowledge and delicacy in His creating ability, His wonderful presence. God’s command to prostrate to Adam, actually is to prostrate to God's marvelous perfection.
Whereas Satan, because of his pride and jealousy could not think that he would prostate to God’s knowledge. This was Satan’s exam question. And Satan, blinded by his pride could not understand the comprehensive underlying meaning in the question to which he responded incorrectly.
The only prayer ritual implemented without prostration is the funeral prayer ritual.
Well, if even the angels are commanded to prostate to man, why is there no prostration in funeral prayer rituals?
Because there is no spirit in the body that lies there. That is, God’s spirit is no longer in him, he is only flesh. For this reason the funeral prayer ritual is implemented without prostration.
Whereas, presently, people almost prostrate to one another for their interests.
Sometimes the one who prostrates is an employee and the prostrated is the boss. Sometimes the prostrating person is a party member, and the prostrated the party chairman.
To conclude, presently, people are prostrating to one another for their interests.
Whereas prostration is only to God Almighty and his wonderful presence.
All that is on the earth is passing. But abiding is the glory of your Lord, full of majesty and beneficence. VERSES 26-27, ARRAHMAN, SURAH 55.
MAY GOD BE YOUR BELOVED AND YOUR COMPANION
(AKIN ÖRSMEN 4.1.2009)
SHOWING THE WAY
*The Quranic verses are taken from Ahmed Ali’s translation,Al-Quran Princeteon University Press, fifth printing 1994